A patent protects an invention (i.e. a solution to a technical problem) which may relate to a product or process.
A patent system protects your patented invention by deterring others from “free-riding” on your innovation, whether by means of copying or reverse engineering your patented product/process without permission. In essence, the grant of a patent confers on a patent owner the exclusive right to prevent others from making, using or otherwise commercially exploiting his patented invention in a territory where the patent has been granted. This exclusive right entitles a patent owner to exploit the patent, such as through manufacturing and selling his patented products, in any territory where the patent is granted.
When conducting substantive examination, the Registrar examines whether the application complies with the examination requirements, which in particular include the patentability of the underlying invention of the application, i.e. whether the invention is new, involves an inventive step and is industrially applicable.
The entire examination process of a standard patent application from filing to grant is normally expected to take at least 2 to 3 years. However, the overall examination time frame can be substantially shortened if the applicant elects to file a request for early publication of the application as soon as practicable and responds promptly to examiner’s actions.
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